Course Setting Personality Structured Test for Third
Year Psychology

Students of Lyceum of the Philippines University –
Cavite Campus

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A Psychological Assessment Research

Submitted to the Faculty of the

College of Arts and Sciences

Lyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite

 

 

 

 

 

In Partial Fulfilment

Of the Requirements for the Course Subject

Psychological Assessment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MIGUEL
ANTONIO B. AROMIN

MARY
VELLE C. ALVARAN

SAMANTHA
CLAIRE G. RUIZ

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER 1

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Background of
the Test

 

The
Bachelor of Science in Psychology program (BSP) is designed to help students
observe human behavior through the scientific method, allowing them to gain
access to the human psyche and fathom its depths. They will gain the knowledge,
tools and skills needed to assess and conduct empirical research regarding
individual and group behavior through the lens of various psychological
theories and concepts. The course has a lot to provide for general careers in
teaching, research, counseling and human resources. It can also be a foundation
major for further studies in the fields of Medicine, Guidance and Counseling,
Human Resource Development and Law (University.ph 2010-2018). The course offers
a number of career opportunities in business, hospital, and government settings.  Having a lot of choices can be hard for
students to contemplate a career choice. After 1 to 2 years of studying
psychology, students are in the verge of choosing what specific career or
setting would they want to pursue in the future. Some have already the idea of
what they wanted to choose but some students are having a hard time choosing
what they really wanted, specifically where they could fit in.

This
research would construct a Career Setting Personality Structured Test for
Psychology students that aims to develop and help students give matching
results on which setting their personality fits in. This personality test would
be able to help students discover appropriate jobs under each settings that
could also manifest, improve and boost their personality.

There
are a lot of factors influencing a career choice when people start to think
about their future profession. Some of these are cultural backgrounds, economic
and social conditions of life or even financial aspects. People’s expectations
and life values are always shaped according to the cultural issues, and they
have connections with different parts of their lives. Understanding of the
nature of their expectations and values can help them understand their
personality and make a right career choice. 
Career choices always lie in the context of the economic and social
issues. Different situations and conditions which take place in their economic
and social lives gives them a definite choice and have a certain effect on it
(Essay4Today, 2014-2018). But one of the important factors affecting career
choice is personality and interest. People are all different in terms of
tastes, preferences and tempers. But someone’s success at a particular job
position depends on these things. Knowing yourself and personality traits will
not only be helpful to the person, but can also give an advantage when applying
for certain positions and interviews (Workpois.com, 2017).

It
is necessary to construct the course setting personality structured test to
allow them to showcase the person’s best attributes and collaborate the working
environment. According to Chakraborty (2016), it is essential that people like
what they do even for a living, and then only they can attain success in their
career. Once the work becomes a grind then all the happiness vanishes and
stress slowly creeps in. Both stress and frustration are unwelcomed guests in
life and has to be kept at bay.

The
majority of students do not know what they want to do when they finish their
degree – let alone when they’re halfway through. And the few who do know what
they want often rethink their choice as they develop and grow. Who they are now
isn’t who they might be in the future, and the education and recruitment system
needs to give them the space and time to make the right career choices. Young
people are having to take career decisions too early, that’s why it is
beneficial for them to take personality structured test to provide and guide
them with careers in their course setting to take and pursue the path that
would lessen their doubts about their decisions. Students choosing careers that
they might not suit them, a worrying scenario could emerge: they could be stuck
in careers like round pins in square holes. This is detrimental for the
students because reconsidering a career is an enormous decision. But it’s also
detrimental for employers who will struggle to keep excellent students
interested in careers that they no longer want (Lane, 2013).

The
main objective in creating the course setting personality structured test is to
provide a guide or a pathway for psychology students to find the right career –
specifically on which course setting and suitable jobs – for them in the
future. The test is designed for Third year Psychology students, for it is the
time that’s near yet so far with graduating and making a decision for their
major setting that they would pursue.

 

Theoretical
Framework

 

This
research would mainly focus on the theory that match people’s personality type
and tend to choose a career that is reflective of their personality called
Holland’s Theory. John Holland’s Theory of Career Choice (RAISEC) maintains
that in choosing a career, people prefer jobs where they can be around others
who are like them and that behavior is determined by an interaction between
personality and environment (N.A, 2017).

 Quoting John Holland himself, “people can
function and develop best and find job satisfaction in work environments that
are compatible with their personalities” (ICDM, 1991, p. 4-4). People
working together with the same personality type can create a harmonious working
environment and are more likely to be successful and satisfied. People search
for environments where they can improve and showcase their skills and abilities
and express their values and attitudes. It is also claims that the codes in
this theory are the keys for choosing a compatible career of an individual.
Holland’s theory claims that we have three dominant personalities and with that
they can use it for choosing a career in that field. This theory aims to
categorize people to what type of career they are most interested in based on
their personality to create a congruence or well-matched working environment (Career
Key, Inc., 1987-2018).

 

Conceptual Framework

AFFECTS

Figure 1. A paradigm
showing the potential direction/ medium of psychology students taking the
course setting personality structured test.

 

This figure illustrates the process of
taking the course setting personality structured test of the participants and shows
the potential direction/ medium their personality is suitable with. Test takers
may fall under the Clinical Setting, some may fall into Industrial Setting and
others to Educational Setting based on their test results.

 

 

Definition of Terms

To
be able to understand the research, this study will be presenting the following
definition of terms:

Career Choice. Process
of choosing a career path which can involve choices regarding education and
training for a given career.

Course Setting. A
set of choices or a plans of a particular course, usually leading to their
future job or career.

Personality. Personality
refers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking,
feeling and behaving.

 

CHAPTER 2

 

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

 

In some Bachelor
of Science in Psychology programs, students can focus their studies where areas
of major setting have already been chosen, whilst other schools and
universities have generalized their program for the students to choose their career
afterwards. Given Psychology is such a broad field, it is important to confirm
your key interest areas as an undergraduate student. Psychology graduates are
employed across a wide range of workplace contexts but they are still
contemplating whether they are in the right position (Careers in Psychology,
2017).

Psychology has a
lot of branches, but the research mainly focuses on the 3 major settings which
are: industrial/ organizational setting, clinical setting and educational
setting.  According to Cherry (2017),
Industrial – organizational psychology is a branch of psychology that applies
psychological theories and principles to organizations. This field focuses on
increasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical and
mental well-being of employees. Industrial Organizational Setting focuses on
performing a wide variety of tasks, including studying worker attitudes and behaviour,
evaluating companies, and conducting leadership trainings. The overall goal of
this field is to study and understand human behaviour in the workplace.
Pursuing a career in Industrial Organizational setting can apply scientific
researches in all types of organizational and workplace settings, such as
manufacturing, commercial enterprises, labor unions and health care facilities.
Its focus ranges from applicant and employee testing and assessment to
leadership development, staffing, management, teams, compensations, workplace
safety, diversity and work-life balance. 
In addition, they are qualified as trainers, facilitators, assessors,
coaches and consultants and might be called into an organization to solve a
particular problem (APA, 2017).

Educational
Psychology is a branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study of
human beings. The study of learning
processes, from both cognitive and behavioral perspectives, allows researchers
to understand individual differences in intelligence, cognitive development,
affect, motivation, self-regulation, and self-concept, as well as their role in
learning. The field of educational psychology relies heavily on quantitative
methods, including testing and measurement, to enhance educational activities
related to instructional design, classroom management, and assessment, which
serve to facilitate learning processes in various educational settings across
the lifespan (Wikipedia.org, 2018). According to APA (2018) today’s educational
system is continuously improving and had develop its complexity through time,
that’s why psychologist working in educational setting are focused on
identifying and studying learning methods to better understand how people
absorb and retain new information. It applies theories of human development to
understand individual learning and inform the instructional process. While
interaction with teachers and students in school settings is an important part
of their work, it isn’t the only facet of the job. Learning is a lifelong endeavour.
People don’t only learn at school, they learn at work, in social situations and
even doing simple tasks like household chores or running errands. Psychologists
working in this setting examine how people learn in a variety of settings to
identify approaches and strategies to make learning more effective. People
working in educational setting evaluates and analyses certain teaching methods,
testing methods, and educational programs. Studying these areas of education
allows the psychologist to gain insight into any flaws or problems that may
make it difficult for some people to learn. Along with evaluating existing
educational resources, an educational psychologist might also create and
develop new ones, which make it easier for certain groups of people to learn
(NA, 2018).

Clinical
psychology is concerned with the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and
prevention of mental disorders. Professionals in this field often work in
medical settings, clinical psychologists are not medical doctors and do not
prescribe medications in most states. Clinical psychology also represents the
single largest subfield of psychologists. While all clinical psychologists are
interested in mental health, there are actually a wide variety of sub-specialties
within this field. Some of these specialty areas include child mental health,
adult mental health, learning disabilities, emotional disturbances, substance
abuse, geriatrics, and health psychology (Cherry, 2017). According to APA
(2017) having a passion for discovery, learning and listening are part of what
it takes to be successful as a psychologist who delivers clinical or counseling
services. Psychologists trained
to provide clinical services work in research, education, training and health
sectors. Others specialize in areas such as counseling and school psychology.
Working with numerous populations, they focus on individual differences, normal
and abnormal behavior, mental and emotional health, healthy behaviors and
mental disorders and their prevention. Health
service psychologists are an example of psychologists working in clinical
practice. They apply psychological science in their work in ways that range
from helping patients overcome depression or anxiety to better understanding
how to manage stress. Others specialize in physical health concerns and help
patients manage diabetes or other chronic illnesses. Still others specialize in
working with the elderly and the challenges of aging, or working with children
or college students. The possibilities for a career as a health service
psychologist are vast and varied. The Clinical setting usually composes of
passionate workers in special populations like children and community-based
organizations that work with these groups. According to Cherry (2017) clinical
psychology is one of the most popular areas within psychology, but it is
important to evaluate the person’s interests before deciding if this area might
be right. The field of clinical psychology will continue to grow and evolve
thanks to the changing needs of the population as well as shifts in the
nation’s approach to health care policy.

Choosing a
career setting is difficult for most students, given a lot of choices and
possibilities, it is hard to choose what’s best for the person itself. There
are a lot of things to consider in pursuing career choices in life. According
to