Course Setting Personality Structured Test for ThirdYear PsychologyStudents of Lyceum of the Philippines University –Cavite Campus   A Psychological Assessment ResearchSubmitted to the Faculty of theCollege of Arts and SciencesLyceum of the Philippines University – Cavite     In Partial FulfilmentOf the Requirements for the Course SubjectPsychological Assessment        MIGUELANTONIO B. AROMINMARYVELLE C. ALVARANSAMANTHACLAIRE G. RUIZ     CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION Background ofthe Test TheBachelor of Science in Psychology program (BSP) is designed to help studentsobserve human behavior through the scientific method, allowing them to gainaccess to the human psyche and fathom its depths. They will gain the knowledge,tools and skills needed to assess and conduct empirical research regardingindividual and group behavior through the lens of various psychologicaltheories and concepts. The course has a lot to provide for general careers inteaching, research, counseling and human resources.

It can also be a foundationmajor for further studies in the fields of Medicine, Guidance and Counseling,Human Resource Development and Law (University.ph 2010-2018). The course offersa number of career opportunities in business, hospital, and government settings.

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  Having a lot of choices can be hard forstudents to contemplate a career choice. After 1 to 2 years of studyingpsychology, students are in the verge of choosing what specific career orsetting would they want to pursue in the future. Some have already the idea ofwhat they wanted to choose but some students are having a hard time choosingwhat they really wanted, specifically where they could fit in.Thisresearch would construct a Career Setting Personality Structured Test forPsychology students that aims to develop and help students give matchingresults on which setting their personality fits in.

This personality test wouldbe able to help students discover appropriate jobs under each settings thatcould also manifest, improve and boost their personality.Thereare a lot of factors influencing a career choice when people start to thinkabout their future profession. Some of these are cultural backgrounds, economicand social conditions of life or even financial aspects. People’s expectationsand life values are always shaped according to the cultural issues, and theyhave connections with different parts of their lives. Understanding of thenature of their expectations and values can help them understand theirpersonality and make a right career choice. Career choices always lie in the context of the economic and socialissues. Different situations and conditions which take place in their economicand social lives gives them a definite choice and have a certain effect on it(Essay4Today, 2014-2018). But one of the important factors affecting careerchoice is personality and interest.

People are all different in terms oftastes, preferences and tempers. But someone’s success at a particular jobposition depends on these things. Knowing yourself and personality traits willnot only be helpful to the person, but can also give an advantage when applyingfor certain positions and interviews (Workpois.com, 2017).Itis necessary to construct the course setting personality structured test toallow them to showcase the person’s best attributes and collaborate the workingenvironment. According to Chakraborty (2016), it is essential that people likewhat they do even for a living, and then only they can attain success in theircareer. Once the work becomes a grind then all the happiness vanishes andstress slowly creeps in.

Both stress and frustration are unwelcomed guests inlife and has to be kept at bay.Themajority of students do not know what they want to do when they finish theirdegree – let alone when they’re halfway through. And the few who do know whatthey want often rethink their choice as they develop and grow. Who they are nowisn’t who they might be in the future, and the education and recruitment systemneeds to give them the space and time to make the right career choices. Youngpeople are having to take career decisions too early, that’s why it isbeneficial for them to take personality structured test to provide and guidethem with careers in their course setting to take and pursue the path thatwould lessen their doubts about their decisions. Students choosing careers thatthey might not suit them, a worrying scenario could emerge: they could be stuckin careers like round pins in square holes. This is detrimental for thestudents because reconsidering a career is an enormous decision. But it’s alsodetrimental for employers who will struggle to keep excellent studentsinterested in careers that they no longer want (Lane, 2013).

Themain objective in creating the course setting personality structured test is toprovide a guide or a pathway for psychology students to find the right career –specifically on which course setting and suitable jobs – for them in thefuture. The test is designed for Third year Psychology students, for it is thetime that’s near yet so far with graduating and making a decision for theirmajor setting that they would pursue. TheoreticalFramework Thisresearch would mainly focus on the theory that match people’s personality typeand tend to choose a career that is reflective of their personality calledHolland’s Theory. John Holland’s Theory of Career Choice (RAISEC) maintainsthat in choosing a career, people prefer jobs where they can be around otherswho are like them and that behavior is determined by an interaction betweenpersonality and environment (N.A, 2017).

 Quoting John Holland himself, “people canfunction and develop best and find job satisfaction in work environments thatare compatible with their personalities” (ICDM, 1991, p. 4-4). Peopleworking together with the same personality type can create a harmonious workingenvironment and are more likely to be successful and satisfied.

People searchfor environments where they can improve and showcase their skills and abilitiesand express their values and attitudes. It is also claims that the codes inthis theory are the keys for choosing a compatible career of an individual.Holland’s theory claims that we have three dominant personalities and with thatthey can use it for choosing a career in that field. This theory aims tocategorize people to what type of career they are most interested in based ontheir personality to create a congruence or well-matched working environment (CareerKey, Inc., 1987-2018).

 Conceptual Framework AFFECTS Figure 1. A paradigmshowing the potential direction/ medium of psychology students taking thecourse setting personality structured test. This figure illustrates the process oftaking the course setting personality structured test of the participants and showsthe potential direction/ medium their personality is suitable with.

Test takersmay fall under the Clinical Setting, some may fall into Industrial Setting andothers to Educational Setting based on their test results.  Definition of TermsTobe able to understand the research, this study will be presenting the followingdefinition of terms:Career Choice. Processof choosing a career path which can involve choices regarding education andtraining for a given career.Course Setting.

Aset of choices or a plans of a particular course, usually leading to theirfuture job or career.Personality. Personalityrefers to individual differences in characteristic patterns of thinking,feeling and behaving.

 CHAPTER 2 REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE In some Bachelorof Science in Psychology programs, students can focus their studies where areasof major setting have already been chosen, whilst other schools anduniversities have generalized their program for the students to choose their careerafterwards. Given Psychology is such a broad field, it is important to confirmyour key interest areas as an undergraduate student. Psychology graduates areemployed across a wide range of workplace contexts but they are stillcontemplating whether they are in the right position (Careers in Psychology,2017).

Psychology has alot of branches, but the research mainly focuses on the 3 major settings whichare: industrial/ organizational setting, clinical setting and educationalsetting.  According to Cherry (2017),Industrial – organizational psychology is a branch of psychology that appliespsychological theories and principles to organizations. This field focuses onincreasing workplace productivity and related issues such as the physical andmental well-being of employees. Industrial Organizational Setting focuses onperforming a wide variety of tasks, including studying worker attitudes and behaviour,evaluating companies, and conducting leadership trainings. The overall goal ofthis field is to study and understand human behaviour in the workplace.

Pursuing a career in Industrial Organizational setting can apply scientificresearches in all types of organizational and workplace settings, such asmanufacturing, commercial enterprises, labor unions and health care facilities.Its focus ranges from applicant and employee testing and assessment toleadership development, staffing, management, teams, compensations, workplacesafety, diversity and work-life balance. In addition, they are qualified as trainers, facilitators, assessors,coaches and consultants and might be called into an organization to solve aparticular problem (APA, 2017).EducationalPsychology is a branch of psychology concerned with the scientific study ofhuman beings.

The study of learningprocesses, from both cognitive and behavioral perspectives, allows researchersto understand individual differences in intelligence, cognitive development,affect, motivation, self-regulation, and self-concept, as well as their role inlearning. The field of educational psychology relies heavily on quantitativemethods, including testing and measurement, to enhance educational activitiesrelated to instructional design, classroom management, and assessment, whichserve to facilitate learning processes in various educational settings acrossthe lifespan (Wikipedia.org, 2018).

According to APA (2018) today’s educationalsystem is continuously improving and had develop its complexity through time,that’s why psychologist working in educational setting are focused onidentifying and studying learning methods to better understand how peopleabsorb and retain new information. It applies theories of human development tounderstand individual learning and inform the instructional process. Whileinteraction with teachers and students in school settings is an important partof their work, it isn’t the only facet of the job. Learning is a lifelong endeavour.People don’t only learn at school, they learn at work, in social situations andeven doing simple tasks like household chores or running errands.

Psychologistsworking in this setting examine how people learn in a variety of settings toidentify approaches and strategies to make learning more effective. Peopleworking in educational setting evaluates and analyses certain teaching methods,testing methods, and educational programs. Studying these areas of educationallows the psychologist to gain insight into any flaws or problems that maymake it difficult for some people to learn. Along with evaluating existingeducational resources, an educational psychologist might also create anddevelop new ones, which make it easier for certain groups of people to learn(NA, 2018).Clinicalpsychology is concerned with the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, andprevention of mental disorders. Professionals in this field often work inmedical settings, clinical psychologists are not medical doctors and do notprescribe medications in most states.

Clinical psychology also represents thesingle largest subfield of psychologists. While all clinical psychologists areinterested in mental health, there are actually a wide variety of sub-specialtieswithin this field. Some of these specialty areas include child mental health,adult mental health, learning disabilities, emotional disturbances, substanceabuse, geriatrics, and health psychology (Cherry, 2017). According to APA(2017) having a passion for discovery, learning and listening are part of whatit takes to be successful as a psychologist who delivers clinical or counselingservices. Psychologists trainedto provide clinical services work in research, education, training and healthsectors.

Others specialize in areas such as counseling and school psychology.Working with numerous populations, they focus on individual differences, normaland abnormal behavior, mental and emotional health, healthy behaviors andmental disorders and their prevention. Healthservice psychologists are an example of psychologists working in clinicalpractice. They apply psychological science in their work in ways that rangefrom helping patients overcome depression or anxiety to better understandinghow to manage stress. Others specialize in physical health concerns and helppatients manage diabetes or other chronic illnesses. Still others specialize inworking with the elderly and the challenges of aging, or working with childrenor college students. The possibilities for a career as a health servicepsychologist are vast and varied.

The Clinical setting usually composes ofpassionate workers in special populations like children and community-basedorganizations that work with these groups. According to Cherry (2017) clinicalpsychology is one of the most popular areas within psychology, but it isimportant to evaluate the person’s interests before deciding if this area mightbe right. The field of clinical psychology will continue to grow and evolvethanks to the changing needs of the population as well as shifts in thenation’s approach to health care policy.

Choosing acareer setting is difficult for most students, given a lot of choices andpossibilities, it is hard to choose what’s best for the person itself. Thereare a lot of things to consider in pursuing career choices in life. Accordingto