Chris Antonelli American History1-8-17 Topic 8 Lesson 3 Key Terms 1. Reconstruction – The action or process of beingbuilt up or formed again.2.
Radical Republicans – A faction of Americanpoliticians who were within the Republican Party of the US around 18543. Wade Davis Bill of 1864 – A bill proposed forthe Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republican, Henry WinterDavis and Senator Wade.4. Freedmen’s Bureau – The agency of the WarDepartment which was set up in 1865 and was to assist freed slaves, inobtaining relief, land, jobs, education, and education.5. Andrew Johnson – The 17th Presidentin th US, and was the vice president during the assassination of AbrahamLincoln.6. Black Codes – The laws based on prejudices, andwere passed b Democrat-controlled Southern states in both 1865 and 1866.
7. Civil Rights Act of 1866 – The act had declaredthat all people that were born in the US were citizens without regard to race.8. Fourteenth Amendment – All people were born ornaturalized in the US and they were subjected to the jurisdiction, and they arecitizens of the United States.9. Impeach – Congress votes to try and get rid ofthe president.
10. Fifteenth Amendment – All the citizens get tovote, and cannot be denied by race. The Challenges ofReconstruction 1. The northerners thought that it would be a wayto reconstruct the South’s productivity to number that it had reached in thepast. The southerners declined because they had felt that they were giving awaytoo much land and had received no benefits from it.2. The Civil War devastated the South because theSouth had been destroyed and the land had gotten lost.
Three examples would bebusinesses closing, homes which were burned down, and the properties that wereabandoned.3. After the slaves had been emancipated they weregranted citizenship. They did not have all the right they wanted to have yetlike other people in society but the Republican Party had been fighting to grantfull citizenship to African Americans.
CompetingReconstruction Plans 5. Lincolnsupported Freedmen’s Bureau and had opposed the Wade-Davis Bill because theFreedmen’s Bureau had been formed to help victims. The victims of slavery andthe families who had to mourn the losses of family member losses in the Warwhich had also given the African American legal rights to white men. He did notsupport the Wade-Davis Bill because it was not based on helping the victims whohad needed to help and he knew the Union wouldn’t support it. 6. Many Northernersbelieved the Southerners deserved to be punished because had had enslaved theAfrican Americans which wasn’t illegal, which had meant they had committedcrimes. The JohnsonPresidency and Reconstruction 7.
Johnson’s views about the Reconstructionare different from Lincoln’s views because Lincoln had supported the emancipationof Slaves. This had ruined the economy of the South though because they hadlost all of their plantation workers. Johnson had believed that slavery shouldstill be needed because the South would not be able to recover with outslavery. 8. Southerners limited the rights of formerslaves because the Black Codes had been created and they had required AfricanAmericans to only work limited hours in their jobs. These codes had eventuallygotten rid of with the Reconstruction of the South.
Congress Passes aPlan for Reconstruction 9.Reconstruction would have been a lot smoother if Lincoln was not assassinated,and Lincoln would have been able to lead the Reconstruction. Lincoln hadbelieved in the Emancipation and in equality amongst all other humansregardless of their race and since the process would’ve went by much faster.
10. TheRadical Republicans were very powerful the years after the Civil War becausethey had spent all of their time figuring out what the nation had needed, andto strengthen the reconstruction program in the United States.