Chris Antonelli                                              
American History

1-8-17

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Topic 8 Lesson 3

 

Key Terms

 

1.        
Reconstruction – The action or process of being
built up or formed again.

2.        
Radical Republicans – A faction of American
politicians who were within the Republican Party of the US around 1854

3.        
Wade Davis Bill of 1864 – A bill proposed for
the Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republican, Henry Winter
Davis and Senator Wade.

4.        
Freedmen’s Bureau – The agency of the War
Department which was set up in 1865 and was to assist freed slaves, in
obtaining relief, land, jobs, education, and education.

5.        
Andrew Johnson – The 17th President
in th US, and was the vice president during the assassination of Abraham
Lincoln.

6.        
Black Codes – The laws based on prejudices, and
were passed b Democrat-controlled Southern states in both 1865 and 1866.

7.        
Civil Rights Act of 1866 – The act had declared
that all people that were born in the US were citizens without regard to race.

8.        
Fourteenth Amendment – All people were born or
naturalized in the US and they were subjected to the jurisdiction, and they are
citizens of the United States.

9.        
Impeach – Congress votes to try and get rid of
the president.

10.  
Fifteenth Amendment – All the citizens get to
vote, and cannot be denied by race.

 

The Challenges of
Reconstruction

 

1.        
The northerners thought that it would be a way
to reconstruct the South’s productivity to number that it had reached in the
past. The southerners declined because they had felt that they were giving away
too much land and had received no benefits from it.

2.        
The Civil War devastated the South because the
South had been destroyed and the land had gotten lost. Three examples would be
businesses closing, homes which were burned down, and the properties that were
abandoned.

3.        
After the slaves had been emancipated they were
granted citizenship. They did not have all the right they wanted to have yet
like other people in society but the Republican Party had been fighting to grant
full citizenship to African Americans.

 

Competing
Reconstruction Plans

 

       5. Lincoln
supported Freedmen’s Bureau and had opposed the Wade-Davis Bill because the
Freedmen’s Bureau had been formed to help victims. The victims of slavery and
the families who had to mourn the losses of family member losses in the War
which had also given the African American legal rights to white men. He did not
support the Wade-Davis Bill because it was not based on helping the victims who
had needed to help and he knew the Union wouldn’t support it.

        6. Many Northerners
believed the Southerners deserved to be punished because had had enslaved the
African Americans which wasn’t illegal, which had meant they had committed
crimes.

       

The Johnson
Presidency and Reconstruction

 

         7. Johnson’s views about the Reconstruction
are different from Lincoln’s views because Lincoln had supported the emancipation
of Slaves. This had ruined the economy of the South though because they had
lost all of their plantation workers. Johnson had believed that slavery should
still be needed because the South would not be able to recover with out
slavery.

          8.  Southerners limited the rights of former
slaves because the Black Codes had been created and they had required African
Americans to only work limited hours in their jobs. These codes had eventually
gotten rid of with the Reconstruction of the South.

 

Congress Passes a
Plan for Reconstruction

 

           9.

Reconstruction would have been a lot smoother if Lincoln was not assassinated,
and Lincoln would have been able to lead the Reconstruction. Lincoln had
believed in the Emancipation and in equality amongst all other humans
regardless of their race and since the process would’ve went by much faster.

           10. The
Radical Republicans were very powerful the years after the Civil War because
they had spent all of their time figuring out what the nation had needed, and
to strengthen the reconstruction program in the United States.