Background of the study

Education
is the passport to the future. As we get older, knowledge is being constructed
but it can never be replaced by anyone. The literacy of a person is one of the
important things that anyone can possess. We are sent to school for us to gain
more learnings and shape our ability and skills. A student is subjected to finish
his/her studies, especially with flying colors. There are plenty of reasons why
a student must finish his/her studies for there are so many places to go, food
to eat and people to help. However, everybody has different perspectives on
what a person could be in the future someday. Choosing the right career is one
of the important things that a student must decide and serve as his path in
taking his step towards his career. This could be equipped to determine the
success of his life in the next stages. Through choosing a career anybody his
desired job and portray his excellence in his skills that suits his capability.
On the other hand, the Philippines is in miscellaneous crisis and one of the
social issues is poverty and its people are confronted and aware of it thus it
need passionate and determined workers in the industry.

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In
January 2013, the Philippines has 7.1% unemployment rate, the highest in the
countries from the Southeast Asian nations and from which are college
graduates. (Pascual, 2014) Majority of the universities wasn’t being able to
produce courses that are needed to be considered in the demand of the present
economy. Since the graduates don’t possess the characteristics required by the
industry due to the lack of a proper guidance that must be attained to choose
the right courses in college that suites the student’s ability. Misfit
graduates are one of the reasons why our country has high unemployment rate.
This could be the wrong choice of course taken by the college students tend to
improper guidance in choosing the right course.

The
Government used to find ways to lessen this problem in our society; to
implement a K-12 program of the educational system, specifically in the
Department of Education need to gain the accretion of graduates before they
reach the college level. Senior High School is two years of specialized upper
secondary education (Official Gaze, 2012) SHS is a preparation for a college
level to explore and plan for their postsecondary career options whereas there
are some factors that can affect and change the views of your perception in
setting goals. Students may choose their specialization based on their skills
and intellect capacity this would help the students to ensure and get into the
right career served as a stepping stone to decide on their chosen career.
Moreover, this is one of the objectives of the Department of Education to
promote the students educational success and qualify the adequacy skills that
are needed to the workforce of companies and institutions.

This
study aims to determine the factors that affect the career preferences of the
select students in Valencia National High School.

 

 

Statement of the problem

This
study is to find out the factors affecting on the Senior High School Student’s
in choosing the right courses for their preparation in college, this certain
general questions need to be addressed:

1.
What factors influenced students when they made the decision to pursue a
particular career goal?

2.
Is the K-12 curriculum would help the students to make decision for preparing
college course?

Theoretical Framework

2.1
G-12 Decision makings

            There are a lot of courses that we
may choose in choosing our career. For the Grade 12 students, there are some
instances that they may pick not for their own likes but they choose it because
of their friends, factors influence decision making. These factors, including
past experience (Juliusson, Karlsson, &G?rling, 2005) belief in personal
relevance (Acevedo, & Krueger, 2004), and an escalation of commitment, influence
what choices people make. Understanding the factors that influence decision
making process is important to understanding what decisions are made. That is,
the factors that influence the process may impact the outcomes.

2.2
Career choice factors

There
are a lot of affecting factors in choosing preferred careers. The Government
used to find ways to lessen problems in our society; to implement a K-12
program of the educational system, specifically in the Department of Education.
The need to gain the accretion of graduates before they reach the college
level. Senior High School is two years of specialized upper secondary education
(Official Gaze, 2012). Luck plays a major part: unpredictable social factors,
chance events and environmental factors are important influences on graduate’s
lives.

Conceptual Framework

There
are some various factors that is either it could be directly or indirectly
affects the career preferences of Senior High School students. The focus of
this study was taken by the following conceptual frameworks which has this
three part process: the Inputs, Process, and Outputs.

Input
– This includes the socio-demographic profiles of the select students, their
wanted field of study to specialized, and their career preference and factors
that affects their career preferences.

Process
– Inresearch process, this includes in determining their career preferences and
determining the leading factors that affect their career preferences. We may
conduct a survey for the select Grade 12 students.

Output
– This study would identify the career preference of the select Grade 12 Senior
High School (SHS) students of Valencia National High School (VNHS) for certain
institutions or universities that would like to design and implement Senior
High school program.

Scope and Delimitations

            This study is conducted in order to
determine the Senior High School students preferred career choice. The study
will include the K-12 program in Valencia National High School, specifically
the grade 12 students. It focuses on the preferred career choice of a student.
The results of this study serve as basis in most preferred career choice in the
coming of years.

 

Limitations of the Study

Although
the study conducted has proven its purpose, there were few unavoidable
limitations encountered. First, due to the limited time, because the study was
conducted during class days and the given respondents classes are still on
going. Second, this research was conducted on a small size population of G-12 senior
high school students. Third, respondents might be stacked with task and
requirement so the study might get delayed or even fail. In general, this study
will only involve the students who are in G-12 that will graduate this year.

 

Significance of the study

This
prompted the research to determine the factors that affects the choice of
career of Senior High School in the Valencia National High School. Proper
guidance should be consider to help ensure in able to get into the right
career. This may also help the students identify the reasons why the government
implemented the K-12 program in the educational system. The results of the
study served as the basis in the construction of a career program for Senior
High School students.

Definitions of terms

To
give your thoughts and minds clarity the terms are described theoretically
inside this study.

Career
choice – The opportunities that exist for life long vocations. These vocations
are set out moving towards the desired goals. Fields of vocational, academic,
and sociological endeavors are explored for the purpose of satisfying personal,
economic, and intellectual goals.

Opportunity
– Those choices in one’s life which are exposed either in obvious manner. These
choices or paths give the individual a selection between two or more outcomes.

Literacy-
refer to the ability to write and read, knowledge that relates to a specified
subject.

Motivation
– Forces acting on or within a person causing an initiation of behavior
(Britannica 2002).

Accretion-
refer to something that has grown or accumulated slowly, a product or result of
gradual growth.