As we all know there are many types of cancers however, lung
cancer is the number one cancer associated to cancer related deaths. According
to the American Cancer Society there are 3 different types of cancers,
Non-small cell lung cancer, Small Cell lung cancer, and Lung Carcinoid Tumor. Although
there are three types of lung the one seen in most people is Non-Small Cell
Lung Cancer. According to Lung Cancer 101 lung cancer develops when there is a
growth of abnormal cells in the lungs. These abnormal cells can form into tumors
in the lung which can lead to malfunctioning of the heart. According to Mayo
Clinic, some common symptoms of lung cancer are, a continuous cough, coughing
up blood, shortness of breath, chest pain, hoarse voice, weight loss, bone
pain, and headaches. These symptoms are very common to other diseases like Bronchitis
which makes it hard to detect lung cancer early on. Some ways to detect lung
cancer is CT scan, biopsy, X-Ray, and a sputum cytology. According to The
Radiologist’s Perspective a clinical trail has shown that doing a low dose CT
scan in high risk individuals can be beneficial. The study states that the low
dose CT scan can help detect lung cancer in its early stages. Being able to
detect lung cancer early on can help experts in starting treatment early on,
hence, higher survival rate.

                  According
to CDC cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer. Lung cancer is
very common to be found in heavy smokers but it can also be found in people who
have been exposed to secondhand smoke. According to Mayo Clinic smoking can damage
the healthy cells which can lead to growth of abnormal tissue. Our body is set
up to repair itself when there is something wrong but due to frequent exposure
abnormal cells will begin to grow and line the lungs. In most cases smoking is
linked to lung cancer sometimes the cause of lung cancer can also be genetic due
to a mutation in their DNA. According to Mayo Clinic Some other less common
risks factors can be exposure to radon gas, asbestos, and other carcinogens.

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                  There
was an elderly man in his early 70s. He had a healthy diet, moderately active,
however, he smoked 2 packs of cigarettes every day until he was about 50. He
has no family history of cancer however, his family was filled with heavy
smoker, his dad, his mom, and even his wife. One day he became very ill, had a
severe cough, lots of congestion, shortness of breath, and pain in his chest. The
doctors said he had developed pneumonia and prescribed him medicine to treat
the pneumonia. About a month later he felt no change, he still felt very sick,
but now he was coughing up blood. The doctors then ordered a CT scan, then
conducted a tissue biopsy because something did not seem right. In the biopsy
they found abnormal tissue growth in the lining of the lungs. This led to a
diagnosis of Stage III lung cancer in the elderly man. He is currently doing his
rounds of chemotherapy and radiation. The chemotherapy and radiation is used to
kill cells or shrink the tumor and prevent it from spreading through the entire
body. His body is responding to the treatment really well however there are
chemotherapy side effects like fatigue, mouth sores, and loss of appetite. Overall
he is doing pretty well.