As we all know there are many types of cancers however, lungcancer is the number one cancer associated to cancer related deaths. Accordingto the American Cancer Society there are 3 different types of cancers,Non-small cell lung cancer, Small Cell lung cancer, and Lung Carcinoid Tumor. Althoughthere are three types of lung the one seen in most people is Non-Small CellLung Cancer. According to Lung Cancer 101 lung cancer develops when there is agrowth of abnormal cells in the lungs. These abnormal cells can form into tumorsin the lung which can lead to malfunctioning of the heart.
According to MayoClinic, some common symptoms of lung cancer are, a continuous cough, coughingup blood, shortness of breath, chest pain, hoarse voice, weight loss, bonepain, and headaches. These symptoms are very common to other diseases like Bronchitiswhich makes it hard to detect lung cancer early on. Some ways to detect lungcancer is CT scan, biopsy, X-Ray, and a sputum cytology. According to TheRadiologist’s Perspective a clinical trail has shown that doing a low dose CTscan in high risk individuals can be beneficial. The study states that the lowdose CT scan can help detect lung cancer in its early stages. Being able todetect lung cancer early on can help experts in starting treatment early on,hence, higher survival rate. Accordingto CDC cigarette smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer.
Lung cancer isvery common to be found in heavy smokers but it can also be found in people whohave been exposed to secondhand smoke. According to Mayo Clinic smoking can damagethe healthy cells which can lead to growth of abnormal tissue. Our body is setup to repair itself when there is something wrong but due to frequent exposureabnormal cells will begin to grow and line the lungs.
In most cases smoking islinked to lung cancer sometimes the cause of lung cancer can also be genetic dueto a mutation in their DNA. According to Mayo Clinic Some other less commonrisks factors can be exposure to radon gas, asbestos, and other carcinogens. Therewas an elderly man in his early 70s. He had a healthy diet, moderately active,however, he smoked 2 packs of cigarettes every day until he was about 50. Hehas no family history of cancer however, his family was filled with heavysmoker, his dad, his mom, and even his wife. One day he became very ill, had asevere cough, lots of congestion, shortness of breath, and pain in his chest.
Thedoctors said he had developed pneumonia and prescribed him medicine to treatthe pneumonia. About a month later he felt no change, he still felt very sick,but now he was coughing up blood. The doctors then ordered a CT scan, thenconducted a tissue biopsy because something did not seem right. In the biopsythey found abnormal tissue growth in the lining of the lungs.
This led to adiagnosis of Stage III lung cancer in the elderly man. He is currently doing hisrounds of chemotherapy and radiation. The chemotherapy and radiation is used tokill cells or shrink the tumor and prevent it from spreading through the entirebody.
His body is responding to the treatment really well however there arechemotherapy side effects like fatigue, mouth sores, and loss of appetite. Overallhe is doing pretty well.