AnAustralian study conducted by North Sydney Environmental Protection Authority(2015:1) highlight illegal dumping as an increasing concern in North Sydneysince 2004. The report states that household waste is the most common materialsent to  illegal dumping sites. Howeverit cannot be confined to a particular demographic.

It concluded that any humanbeing is capable of dumping waste. According to this study there was noevidence of relationship between  dumpingbehaviour, education and income levels. This remains a significant because ofthe questions that could not be explored with eSkotshi village study. If it wasnot for other limitations it would have been worthwhile to compare dumpingbehaviours in urbanised sections of the Ethekwini municipality to rural, andpreviously marginalised areas where waste collection never existed before theera of democracy. Thereare at least two research studies conducted in Ethekwini municipality on illegaldumping. The study by (Abel, 2009) focused on perceptions of illegal dumping. Onefinding says that people have a general belief that it is the duty of thegovernment to keep public spaces clean, Abel, (2009:5) therefore littering isnot a problem.

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The same study  singledout waste building rubble piled by private owners to extend the slope. The rubble  has a potential to block storm water drainage,sewer and contaminates nature. This becomes an environmental pollution act.

Ngeleka(2010:91) presents some finding and recommendations of a study conducted inClermont KZN, thus highlighting that environmental problems like solid wastemanagement enjoy low priority in the community. According to Ngeleka, observationshave shown that there is illegal dumping in Clermont. People are more concernedabout meeting basic daily needs rather than worrying about the surroundingenvironment and its immediate problems. There are various reasons stated bypeople for practising illegal dumping.

These types of conclusions leaves a lotto be desired in as far as analysis of driving forces behind illegal dumping isconcerned. The results of the Ngaleka study speaks to objectives and identifiesgaps about awareness of environmental care and correct methods of waste disposalby designated authority.Thedraft Integrated Waste Management Strategy,  (2016) for Ethekwini municipality speak to illegaldumping. It highlights as follows: Poor waste removal services within aspecific area,  Lack of convenientdisposal sites;  Lack of public awarenesson the issue (http://www.durban.gov.

za). This shows that the municipality isaware of the illegal dumping problem. Nevertheless, Ethekwini Municipality isthe relevant authority for waste management in the area of study. Themunicipality has a dedicated function of  Solid Waste Management.  ConclusionIllegaldumping remains a challenge in this municipality. This study will thencontribute to  mapping of the areas thatare affected by illegal dumping. The study will also make a contribution tounderstanding reasons for dumping in the area where there is a waste collectionservice.

The waste collection service is rendered once a week. It is not knownwhy residence opt to dump their refuse. The hierarchy of waste management willbe chosen as the theoretical framework. It will help understand waste disposalmethods employed by the residents. The hierarchy of waste management will alsobe useful in learning about favoured household waste methods over one another.