Abstract— The main
aim of paper is to analyse and design the low cost 3D printer which will print the three dimensional objects. The machine
produces different products with different material. A 3D printer can make
anything from ceramic cups to plastic objects, metal machine parts, stone
vases, and even human body parts. 3D printing is a type of additive
manufacturing process where a three dimensional object is made by layering down
successive layers of material to form the final object. Additive process
or  subractive process is used for 3D
printing. 3D printing is therefore different from traditional machining
techniques which mostly rely on extraction of materials such as cutting or
drilling. The ability to print parts or components which are made from distinct
materials from various mechanical and physical properties in a single build
process is offered. This is the most basic function of it, but there are many
technical glitches in the designing of the current generation low cost printer.
The printed object can be fragile, delaminated due to low quality resolution of
printing, this paper will highlight and gives methodology/techniques to
overcome issue. It will help in overall increase in capacity of it with
increase in the resolution. The appearance and utility of the final product is
provided by current models which are closely emulated by the advanced 3D
printing technologies.

Keywords: 3D Printer, Masking, Ceramic,
Adaptive

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•                     
INTRODUCTION

3D printers have enjoyed a
significant price decrease over the last several years. A handful of companies
and organizations have led the charge, developing finely tuned “desktop”
versions of the previously industrial-sized machines. These companies have largely
made 3D printers affordable and practical for consumers – consumers who
continue to find creative & valuable uses for 3D printing today, even as
this emerging technology continues to evolve.

Why is 3D printing important? Simply
put, it has the ability to transform consumerism. By empowering people to build
their goods,

 

 

 

Unprecedented customization and a
significant shift in manufacturing power is possible. The technology is here to
stay, and will only become more commonplace as it continues to be refined.3D Printers use a optical device or extruder (the material output a part of the printer), that move on associate degreeX, Y associate degreed Z axis to make an object in 3 dimensions, whereby serial layers of fabric ar ordered down in numerous shapes. These layers may be solely many microns thick at a time. this can be a plus over ancientmethodology that uses reductive methodology wherever materials ar cut or trained from mould. The layers of materials in liquid, solid or material type ar united along mistreatment additive method. 3D printers therefore use additive producing or direct digital producing technology to provide early sort of a product. laptop assisted planning (CAD) software package is employed. the thing is then engineered layer by layer. mistreatment this new technology, a manufacturer will develop a operating paradigm in precisely many hours compared to ancientprototyping. Ultimately, this ends up in saving time and value. particularly since the additive producing methodadditionally minimizes waste. There ar principally four distinct kinds of technologies utilized in 3D printers: Material extrusion based mostly 3D printers, ikon compound, Selective Deposition Lamination and Binding 3D printers. There ar many kinds of 3D printers. Same basic approach is employed although they will use totally different material for “printing” associate degree object i.e. spraying or otherwise transferring a substance in multiple layers onto a building surface, starting with very cheap layer. Before the printing, 1st produce a 3D image of the merchandise that is to be written employing a computer-assisted style (CAD) software package program. That object is sliced in hundred and thousands of items till every bit is placed on prime of the opposite for the thing to be completed. One type, known asselective optical device sintering, involves heating and action granular material with a optical device during a specific pattern for every slice before continuance over and all over again with new layers; this method may be utilized inmaking figurines, for instance. Another uses lightweight|ultraviolet illumination|UV|actinic radiation|actinic ray} light to cure layers of organic compound. Others deposit material very like an automatic glue gun. read-only memory is employed rather than Stepper motor here, as a result of attributable to increase within the force of Stepper motor, speed decreases. With the read-only memory, we are going to attempt to overcome that downside. The read-only memory can offer the gyration which can eventually deposit the fabric through additive method.••                     
RESULTS
& DISCUSSIONS

 

A  laser is used,
which can be move along X, Y and Z axis to build an object in 3D (three
dimensions), wherein successive layers of material are placed  in different shapes. To use the minimal
component and to make the project best out of waste, we are using CD-ROM  instead of Stepper motor. Because due to
increase in the torque of Stepper motor, speed decreases. With the CD-ROM, we
will try to overcome that problem. The object is then built layer by layer.
Especially since the additive manufacturing process also minimizes waste.

               V.   CONCLUSION

3D Printing technology is something
that could transform and remould the world.

Advances in 3D printing technology
can significantly commute and amend the way we manufacture products
worldwide. 

If the industrial revolution brought
us mass production and the arrival of economies of scale – the digital 3D
printing revolution could bring mass manufacturing back a full circle.

 

•         
Acknowledgement

 

This report on “LOW TASK HANDLING 3D-PRINTER”
has been possible only because of kind co-operation lent by my teacher and
project guide Mr.Hemant Kasturiwale without which this would not have been
possible.

We would also like to thank our
parents, who have provided us with all possible resources to gain best possible
knowledge.

At last  I would like to thank Dr. B.K. Mishra
(Principal), Dr.Kamal Shah(Dean R&D), Dr.Sandhya Save (Electronics
department, HOD) for their guidance and support.