Abstract: Inertial measuring Unit (IMU) is an
integrated chip that has an on-board accelerometer and gyroscope. The
application using this chip is infinite and vivid, this paper dives into the
automation paradigm of the IMU and we intend to develop a system that enables
an automobile to drive through a bumpy road with ease and smoothness. The
values provided by the IMU gives a steady reference with respect to the ground
for the microprocessor to process the information and adjust the position of
wheels.

Keywords: IMU, Accelerometer,
Gyroscope, DoF, Yaw, Pitch, Roll, Axis.

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I.     
Introduction

 

This project will serve as a
prototype which can be further implemented in large scale with help of this
unit we are able to track position an object to which this unit is attached in real-time

This project can be related to hand
gesture project, but this project has a capability to track as well as log
position parameters as well                          

 Power management has been one of the most
discussed topic in the past decade because of the decrease in the energy
reserves. Power shutdown is a major problem now-a-days and it occurs because a
lot of power is wasted in industries.

1.1   
Importance
of the project and its background:

 

?             Real time tracking

?             Accurate results

?             Data recording

?             Energy
Saving

 

II.   Methodology

 

Real
time motion tracking technology is the upcoming high end technology. Wireless
transmission of the coordinates after processing various parameters like linear
acceleration, angular momentum, magnetic flux after its integration into a
processor, which provides the position of the object to which the IMU is
attached.

We have designed this project with
minimum external modules and peripherals making it cost effective

A.   
 Types of IMU

IMU available in market now are in
various types and shape. So, user can select what type, size and shape. The IMU
can be selected from its degrees of freedom (DOF) that being developed by
manufacturer. User can select from three DOF, five DOF and six DOF. For three
DOF, the sensors configurations are two accelerometers and a gyroscope that
measures yaw. For five DOF, the sensors configurations are three accelerometers
and two gyroscopes that measure pitch and roll. For six DOF, all axes for
accelerometer and gyroscope for measurement are available.

A.   
About
MPU-6050 Six-Axis (Gyro + Accelerometer)

The MPU-6050 devices combine a
3-axis gyroscope and a 3-axis accelerometer on the same silicon die, together
with an on board Digital Motion Processor™ (DMP™), which processes complex
6-axis Motion Fusion algorithms. The device can access external magnetometers
or other sensors through an auxiliary master I²C bus, allowing the devices to
gather a full set of sensor data without intervention from the system
processor. The devices are offered in a 4 mm x 4 mm x 0.9 mm QFN package.