A pediatrician is a doctor that specializes in children. Pediatricians diagnose illnesses and treat injuries. Pediatricians also prevent illnesses. A career as a pediatrician involves education, training, salary, and career opportunities.

     Becoming a pediatrician requires to having a bachelor’s degree. (Wallner 2) A bachelor’s degree is a degree earned from four years of full-time study. It is also known as a baccalaureate. To become a pediatrician, students should earn a bachelors’s degree in premedical studies. (Wallner 2)  Premedical studies includes physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, and English. (Wallner 2) Biochemistry, zoology, anatomy, statistics, microbiology, physiology, immunology, and genetics are also helpful classes.     Obtaining a degree in biology is common for a future pediatrician.

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Although, a student do not have to major in biology to become a doctor. It is easier to have a natural science major to assist with the required courses. While receiving a bachelors degree, a student should make sure their grades are excellent. A student should meet the requirements for medical school.     A student do not have to take courses they are not interested in.

There are not too many places to start with this career, except college. Whether a student training is in college, medical school, or residency, a student still swill have core courses to take. Elective courses will make for more flexibility choosing. Some core sources will be essential for future pediatrics. Medical terminology is a class that is not helpful for beginning this occupation.

It is best to volunteer at a local clinic or hospital for hands-on experience. (Occupational Outlook Handbook 7)    After completing four years of college, four years of medical school is required. In medical school a person can earn their Doctor of Medicine (M.

D.) degree or Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.

) degree. (article 2 page 2) A Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree is the practice of allopathic medicine. A Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.) degree is the practice of osteopathic medicine. There are 137 Doctor of Medicine programs in the United States.

There are 30 Doctor of Osteopathy programs in the United States. To become a M.D., a student must apply by using the AMCAS application, and must pass the USMLE, U.S.

Medical Licensing Examination. To become a D.O., a student must apply by using the AACOMAS application, and must pass the COMLEX, Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination. (Occupational Outlook Handbook 7)    Before entering medical school, the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) must be taken. (Wallner 2) A student have to apply to be accepted into medical school. A student must submit their classes, grades, MCAT scores, letters of recommendation, and volunteer work.(Wallner 2) In the first two years of medical school, students study inside of classrooms and work in labs.

(Wallner 2) In the last two years of medical school, students work with patients and doctors.(Wallner 2) Also in the last two years, students go on rotations. They try out different areas of medicine, such as pediatrics, family practice, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, psychiatry, or surgery. (Burns 4)     After students graduate from medical school, they become considered as M.D.

s or medical doctors. (Wallner 3) After graduating from medical school, you can not practice medicine until residencies and when licenses are obtained. (Wallner 3) In medical school, students study science courses. They study biochemistry, which is the study of chemicals inside of living things.

They study pharmacology, which is the study of drugs. They study microbiology, which is the study of microorganisms. They also study anatomy, psychology, pathology, and medical ethics. Medical school teaches students how to record medical records, how to ask patients questions during examinations, how to record patient’s symptoms, how to examine patients, and how to diagnose patient’s illnesses. (Wallner 2) Medical schools are selective due to the admission process, which some undergraduates are not eligible for. (Martin 1)    To become an official doctor, a student must obtain their medical license. A doctor have to complete a residency program and have to pass a licensing exam to become licensed in order to practice medicine legally.

(Wallner 3) All states require for doctors to be licensed. (Occupational Outlook Handbook 7) A doctor have to obtain their license in the state that they wish to work in. If a doctor is licensed and they would like to be a doctor in another state, they do not have to take another test.

      American Board of Pediatrics give pediatric doctors a written exam to receive their General Pediatrics Certificate. (Wallner 3) General Pediatrics is a certification that is rewarded after three years of residency. (Kuder 4) To remain board certified, a pediatrician must pass an exam every seven years.

Maintaining certification can lead to career advancement in clinics, hospitals, and other medical facilities. Pediatrics and the ABP developed a four part program to help stay up to date in pediatrics. Pediatricians can also be certified by taking an additional exam.     A Doctor of Medicine is a (M.D.

). A Doctor of Osteopathy is a (D.O.). To become a M.D., a student must apply by using the AMCAS application, and must pass the USMLE, U.

S. Medical Licensing Examination. To become a D.O.

, a student must apply by using the AACOMAS application, and must pass the COMLEX, Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Examination. (Occupational Outlook Handbook 7)    Physicians are at the highest earning for occupations. Pediatricians are in the lowest level of the earning scale of physicians. (Kuder 6) Ranging from $95,000 to $130,000 is the salary for pediatricians that are starting off. The average salary for a pediatrician makes around six figures or $144,000 annually. Starting off as a beginning pediatrician can be a monotonous process.

      It is a long journey from graduating from college, graduating from medical school, internships, and three years of residency. The average median income for beginning pediatricians is around $162,000. Beginning pediatricians, that start off as rookies get payed more than general pediatricians. Beginning pediatric surgeons has a median salary of $295,000.  The median salary for pediatricians with experience under five years is around $138,000 annually.     Beginning pediatric intensive care workers has a median salary of $195,000. Beginning pediatric cardiologist has a median salary income of $189,000.

Entry level salary ranges from $95,138 to $180,847. Entry level bonus salary ranges from $1,997 to $31,118. Entry level hourly rates ranges from $12.04 to $89.97. Entry level overtime salary ranges from $10.13 to $101. The median salary for pediatricians with experience under five years is around $138,000 annually.

      The average annual salary mostly depends on the amount of experience a pediatrician has. Pediatricians can make up to $201,086 after having three years of experience. (Kuder 6) Salaries differ on the different types of pediatricians. Pediatricians who have their own private practices tend to earn more and have a higher salary. Salary also depends on the region a pediatrician works in, number of years in the practice, professional reputation, employer type, and hours worked. (Kuder 6)     Mississippi is the highest paying state for pediatricians.

The average check in Mississippi could be around $270,430 annually. (Martin 2) Since there is a small amount of pediatricians in South Dakota, Montana, Alaska, Massachusetts, and Utah, the annual salary for pediatricians in that area is around $237,000. (Martin 2) California has the most pediatricians, their salary is around $190,020 annually. Texas has the second most pediatricians, their salary is around $186,940 annually.

(Martin 2) The bottom five states that makes the least as pediatricians are Illinois, New York, Arizona, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. Illinois makes around $148,050. New York makes around $157,660. Arizona makes around $145,200. Pennsylvania makes around $159,610. Delaware makes around $149,080.

     The median salary for pediatricians with experience from five to ten years is around $152,000 annually. The median salary for pediatricians with experience from ten to twenty years is around $154,000 annually. The median salary for pediatricians with experience with twenty or more years is around $162,000 annually. The median salary for pediatricians who work in physicians’ offices make around $188,420 annually. The median salary for pediatricians who work in a hospital make around $167,820 annually.    Due to pediatricians overall compensation, is how they receive benefits. Pediatricians receive 2.

8 to 3.5 weeks of paid vacation. Pediatricians also get paid for sick leave and for holidays. Pediatricians receive benefits that includes life and disability insurance, reimbursement for tuition costs for education and training courses, $401,000 retirement plans, and malpractice and liability insurance.     Pediatricians receive compensation by work setting. Academic pediatricians earn $145,000 annually.

Healthcare organization pediatricians earn $171,000 annually. Hospital pediatricians earn $162,000 annually. Multi-specialty group practice pediatricians earn $188,000 annually. Single-specialty group practice pediatricians earn $190,000 annually.

Solo practice pediatricians earn $168,00 annually. Outpatient clinic pediatricians earn $147,000. Other pediatricians earn $142,000.     Pediatricians also receive compensation by work situation.

Employees make $160,000. Independent contractor makes $160,000. Owners of solo practices make $174,000. Partners make $212,000.

     Pediatricians are doctors that treat and diagnose patients from infancy to young adults. (Powell 1) The type of doctor that knows the most about children, are pediatricians. (Wallner 3) Pediatricians main work is to help healthy children stay well.

Over the years, pediatricians roles and duties have changed to deal with more serious issues. (Wallner 1) Some pediatric doctors travel to homes or hospitals to see special patients. Pediatricians gives vaccinations to treat and to prevent illnesses. (Wallner 1) Immunizations are administer by pediatricians for diseases such as smallpox, rubella, and polio.

(Kuder 2) A child can not achieve actual physical, developmental, and psychological health unless the family is healthy. (Burns 3) Patients have checkups so that pediatricians can check to see if they are healthy and well. (Wallner 1 )     Pediatricians work numerous hours throughout every week. (Wallner 2) Pediatricians are expected to be called in at any time during the day and night due to emergencies. (Wallner 2) Pediatricians should understand the process of the mental and physical development. (Wallner 3) Pediatricians also assist with a child’s behavioral development.

(Kuder 2) Pediatricians should know what foods are healthy and nutritious for their patients to eat. (Wallner 3) Pediatricians perform many tasks such as, recording medical history, treatment plans, etc. (Powell 1) As a pediatrician, you must develop special   skills. (Powell 1) Responsibility is a major part of a pediatrician’s role. (Powell 1) Pediatricians develop interpersonal skills through their patients. (Martin 1)     Parents select a pediatrician for their child.

(Martin 1) 10 percent of pediatricians works are teaching or researching. (Kuder 5) Pediatricians counsel and advise parents on treatments for their child(ren). (Kuder 3) Pediatricians are sometimes called to attend the delivery of a baby. (Kuder 7) Pediatricians must handle all of their patient’s paperwork from each visit. Pediatricians must give the correct and proper prescribed medications.

Pediatricians must also make sure that all of the patient’s medical charts are correct. Pediatricians learn to have empathy and knowledge to manage their patients. Pediatricians main focus is on the children. Pediatricians monitor development and give immunizations. About 5% of all doctors are pediatricians, who work in setting where parents take their child to them. Pediatricians sometimes start their own practices in clinics or hospitals. Pediatricians work with parents so their child(ren) stay healthy.

Pediatricians make sure that their patients are growing healthy and properly without any problems. (Powell 1)     Job outlook is a statistic of the change in the amount of people that is employed in a particular occupation over a period of time. There is 10% growth in employment for all pediatricians from 2014 to 2024. (Powell 1) Employment of pediatricians increases, due to the use of managed care plans. (Kuder 7) More children will need pediatricians. Leading to an overall increase of the U.S.

population of pediatricians. (Martin 2)    It becomes very competitive for a good position in the pediatrician field. Pediatrician positions are always growing because babies are always being born. Doctors who are entering the field should find good employment.

Pediatricians who are gaining experience in their field, should have proper advancement. The demand for pediatric care is very high which makes for more opportunities for the pediatricians in the workforce.    The medical field is growing as a career path for pediatricians. Employment of pediatricians are growing to 15% from 2016 to 2026. Which is growing faster than any other occupation. (Occupational Outlook Handbook 11) As more hospitals hire pediatricians, the demand for their services are needed. There is also a growth increase since many pediatricians are running their own private practices.     After completing medical school, completing a residency program is next.

If you have a medial degree, you must complete residency programs that are for three years. (Wallner 3) A doctor have to complete a residency program and pass a licensing exam to become licensed in order to practice medicine legally. (Wallner 3) American Board of Pediatrics give pediatric doctors a written exam to receive their General Pediatrics Certificate. (Wallner 3) Medical doctors go through residencies in the field that they chose. (Wallner 3)    During residencies, students are getting paid.

Residency programs are set up at hospitals. (Wallner 3) Time spent in residency for specialized pediatric units helps with various studies. (Kuder 4) In a residency, a student practices hands-on during rotation.

In residency, pediatricians learn about general pediatrics and newborn care.    During residency, students choose their specialty. If a student chooses a subspecialty, it can be three years added to their residency. Some residents might have to relocate just to obtain a position. Students can seek help or join an organization to help them adjust to their new career and lifestyle. During residency programs, it can become challenging and hectic.

     A white coat, also called a laboratory coat, is a long white coat that is worn by medical professionals. The white coat goes over their clothes. The white coat can also be considered as a uniform. The materials that can be used to make the white coat are linen, cotton polyester blend, or white cotton. Those materials allow for the coat to look cleaner when it is washed. Both physicians and surgeons wear white coats.

In the nineteenth century, physicians wanted to represent themselves as scientists so they began to wearing white lab coats. White coat ceremonies became popular for those beginning medical school. In the late 1800’s, the white coat represented as a symbol of cleanliness.

Majority of patients prefer that the doctors wear white coats. Most physicians prefer to wear just scrubs instead of their white coats. Some physicians state that white coats could be uncomfortable and makes them hot. Wearing white coats may make some patients feel uncomfortable or make them feel nervous. Before in the 1920s, students were wearing black laboratory coats to display respect for the dead. Black laboratory coats were also used in medical laboratories. Eventually, the black coats were traded out for white coats. White coats represented pureness and whiteness.

White coats were useful to use in the laboratory while experimenting. While wearing a white coat, it prevents anything from spilling on someone’s clothes or skin. It is also absorbent so that it will not absorb onto the skin.     The White Coat Ceremony is a tradition that happens yearly. It honors the students who are entering medical school. The ceremony takes place at the beginning of medical school. Students receive a white coat before taking any lecture or classes. The family and friends of the students are invited to attend the ceremony.

The ceremony is on congratulating the students on being accepted into medical school. It also encourages them to stay on the right track and to exceed in their profession. Making sure that they are committed to being a medical professional. After a lecture about the white coat is given, students then receive their white coats. Several members of the faculty helps the students into their coats and give them warm words of congratulations and good lucks.

After that is done, an affirmation about commitment is read and the students make promises that they promise to keep.     Over the years, more and more pediatricians stopped wearing white coats. Most pediatricians think that the white coat frighten children and make them nervous. 96% of patients trust pediatricians more when they wear their white coats. They look more professional and trustworthy. Children also prefer for their pediatricians to wear their white coats.

Children are not scared of the pediatricians in the white coats. Children are scared because they know that the white coats represent doctors. Children know that doctors give shots and injections, that is painful to them.     Pediatricians can work at numerous places.

Pediatricians can visit their patients at medical offices. (Wallner 2) They also can visit their patients at clinics. (Wallner 2) Pediatricians visit some of their patients at hospitals.

(Wallner 2) Half of pediatricians work in physicians’ offices. (Occupational Outlook Handbook 5)     Pediatricians can work at physicians’ offices. They can work at general hospitals. They can work at outpatient care centers.

They can work at specialty hospitals. Pediatricians can own their own private practices. They can work at medical facilities. They can work at urgent care facilities. Pediatricians also can work at community based facility.

    A physician’s office is a doctor’s office. A general hospital is a non specialized hospital that treats patients suffering from all different types of medical conditions. A outpatient care center is where you give treatments that does not require an overnight stay. A specialty hospital is a hospital that focuses on patients with a specific condition. A private practice is when a pediatrician owns their own business and is self employed. Medical facilities can include hospitals or clinics.

A urgent care facility is a walk-in clinic outside of a hospital that is for urgent problems, but not life-threatening emergencies. A community based facility is a small and local clinic.     There are many different kinds and types of pediatricians. All pediatricians does not just give shots and prescribe medication. There are various subspecialties of pediatricians. There are pediatricians for a lot of different needs of children.

Some pediatricians can study more than one subspecialties.    There is pediatric cardiology. There is pediatric critical care. There is pediatric endocrinology. There is pediatric neurology. There is pediatric hematology and oncology. (Kuder 4) There also is pediatric dermatology.

There is pediatric gastroenterology. There is child psychiatry. There is pediatric ENT. There is pediatric immunology. Also, there is pediatric genetics.     Pediatric cardiology is the care of children who suffers from heart disease.

Pediatric critical care is taking care of children who is on advanced life support. Pediatric endocrinology is taking care of children with diabetes. Pediatric neurology is taking care of children who has nervous system problems.

Pediatric hematology/oncology is taking care of children with blood disorders and children who has cancer. (Kuder 4) Pediatric dermatology is taking care of children with skin disorders. Pediatric gastroenterology is taking care of children with digestion problems. Child psychiatry is taking care of children with mental illnesses. Pediatric ENT takes care of children ears. Pediatric immunology is taking care of children with allergies and asthma.

Pediatric genetics is taking care of children with birth defects.     Pediatricians take care of children and make sure that they are healthy and well. From being in college for four years, in medical school for four years, and in residency for three years, pediatricians are very trained and skilled. Being a pediatrician may seem tiring and monotonous, but it is worth it.