A way to prevent runway
incursions in the future is to have all runway incursions reported so that they
can be analyzed. It is possible to minimize runway incursions; however, it
requires everyone within the airport to communicate and be aware of everything
that is going on around them.
The runway safety
management measures runway incursions while finding the factors that lead to
runway collisions and taking the actions that reduce these risks (FAA, 2003). The
challenges that the safety management has within modifying incursions are reducing
severity, number and rate of runway incursions (FAA, 2003). Some examples that
add to the safety management challenges are: “bad weather, low visibility,
construction, airport unfamiliarity, time of day, distractions, fatigue, and
miscommunications with ATC” (Runway Incursion Avoidance, 2012).
Another issue within
runway incursions are airport surface environments. An airport surface environment
usually consists of markings, lighting and signage that can be very complex (Rodrigues
& Cusick, 2011). Certain weather conditions could also decrease a pilot’s
or ATC’s visibility of the airport surface.
When an accident happens
in aviation, one looks at the small things that may have caused the accident, so
that the industry can potentially prevent future accidents. To prevent runway
incursions, we must look at the issues that are related to runway incursions. One
issue is miscommunication. Miscommunicating could be pilots misinterpreting
what the ATC has said or the ATC giving the pilot the wrong directions because
they momentarily forgot something. Employees can also be misinformed on where
they should be at and end up on the wrong runway.
Related to Runway Incursions
A Runway Incursion is “any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the
incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the protected area of a
surface designated for landing and take off of aircraft”, according to the FAA
(Federal Aviation Administration, 2017). Since safety is the number one
priority in the aircraft industry, the National Transportation Safety Board
(NTSB) has put improving runway safety on the “Most Wanted Transportation
Safety Improvements” for the last two decades (Rodrigues & Cusick, 2012). The
purpose of this study is to describe the issues within runway incursions and to
address the challenges safety management has within modifying incursions.