But with the growth of international commerce in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, with the invention of printing and the improvement of communications, a new individualistic order began to take shape. Social life became more and more characterized by acquisitiveness, the pursuit of power and the striving for honour.”

A number of factors contributed to the rise of Individualism which in turn affected the domain from which these factors had originated. They are as follows:

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1. Economic:

Demand for free trade against the merchandise policies pursued by the state led to pulls and pressure. Its outcome was a theory of laissez-faire state wherein economy was to be governed by the law of supply and demand.

2. Religious:

Christianity’s belief in the equality of human beings in the eyes of God that was re-emphasized by the reformation of the 1950’s gave impetus to individualism: Kant exposed the equality of human beings in terms of attribute of dignity.

3. Scientific:

Pobbes’s insistence on the self atomized nature of social world was greatly influenced by the principles of physical mechanics that were being recently discovered.

4. Political:

Locke emphasizes on natural right made it obligatory on the part of every social and political institutions to preserve and protect them. It was characteristically a demand of newly emerging bourgeoisie society.