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 ??????????, ???? ?? ??????? ??? ? ????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ???? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ?? ????????? ???????, ???????????????? ???? ????????? ???? ??? ????? ???? ??????????? ? ????? ????. ?????????????? ??????? ??? ?? ??????????? ???? ??? ???????????????? ???? ??????, ??????????? ???????????? ??? ????????, ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????, ??????? ??? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ????? ?????????? ???? ???? ???????? ????. ?????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ????? ?? WISC, WAIS The Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities, Stanford – Binet ?.?.?.

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(????????, ???????, ??????, ??????, 2012).??????,??????? ????????? ??????????? ?? ?? ???? ??? ???? ?? ???? ???????????????? ?????????? ??? ???? ?????, ????? ??? ????? ????? ?? ????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ??????????. ?? ???????????? ??????? ??? ?? ???????????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ??????????????, ??? ???? ??? ????????? ????????????? ? ????? ??? ??????? ?????????????? ??????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?????????????, ???? ??? ?????????? ?? BDI, ????? ?????????????? ?????? ??????? (????????, ???????,??????, ??????, 2012).??????????? ??? ????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????????? ??? ????????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ??? ???????, ????????? ????? ?? ???????? ??? ??? ??????????. ?????, ??????? ?? ???? ???????????? ??? ?? ???? ?????????, ????????????? ??? ???? ???????????????? ????????? ????????????? ??????, ??? ???? ?????? ???? ?????????? ? ????? ??? ??????????, ??????????? ???????? ??????????????, ??? ??? ????????? ??????????????????? ? ?????????????? ??????????? ?.

?. (????????,???????, ??????, ??????, 2012).4. ??????????? ???????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????????(Children Depression Inventory, CDI).

 ???????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? (Children Depression Inventory), ????? ??? ??????????????????? ??? ????????? ??? ????????????? ???????????, ? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ??? Beck ,? ???????????????? ??? 21 ????????? ??? ?? ?????? ????????????? ?????????? ??????????(Beck, 1967).???????,?? ????????? ??? ???????? ??? Beck????????????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ??? Kovacs(1992), ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ??? ?????? ??? ????????????, ???????????? ??? ??????? ????????? ??? ????????? ??? ?? ???? ???????.???????? 1975, ? ????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ????? ????. ?? ???? ??????????, ?????? ??? ??????? ??????? ?? ?? ?????????? ??????????, ? ????????????????????, ??????, ?? ??? ??????? ??? ???????? ?? ???????. ?? ?????????20 ????????? ?????????? ?????????? ?? ?????, ?? ????????? ??????????????? ????????????. ?? ????????, ?? Alpert ??? Beck (1975)????????? ????? 5 ?????????, ??? ?????? ?? ????? ??????? ?? ?????????? ??? ????????, ??? ?? ?????? ????????? ??? ??????? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??????? (Alpert ??? Beck 1975).

????????,?? 1976, ???????? ??? ??? ???????????? ?????? ??? ?? ???? ????????, ???? ??? ?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ????????, ???? ??? ??????? ?????????. ?????? ???? ??????? ??? ???????????? ??????, ???????? ???? ??? ???, ????? ??? ?????? ?????????????????? ????????????? ?? ???? ?? ????? ???? ??? ????????????? ????????? (Hodges et al, 1982).??Smucker et al. (1986) ?????????????????? ?? ????????????? ??? ???????? CDI, ???????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???????????, ??????????? ?? ??? ????????? ? ???????????? ? ?? ??? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ?? ???????? ??? ???????????.???????? ??????, ????? ?????????????? ??????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????, ???? ???????? ??????, ??? ??? ?? ?? ?????? (Smuckeret al, 1986).5. ????????? ??? ???????? CDI. ???????????? ??????? CDI ???????? ??? ???????????????????, ?? ????? ????????? ??? ????????? ??? ????? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ??? ???????? ???????, ?????? ??? ?????? ??? 7 ??? 17 ???? (Berndt, Schwartz & Kaiser, 1983).

????? ? ???? ??????? ??? ??? ????????????????? ???????????? ??????????, ???? ???????? ????????? ????? ???????????????? ??? ?????????? (Kazdin & Petti, 1982).???????? ??????? ???????? 27 ?????????, ???? ??? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ????????????????????, ?????? ??? ?? ????? ????? ?? ????????: ?) ???????????? ???????, ?)????????????, ?) ?????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????? (?????, ?????), ?)?????????? ???? ????????????? ??????? ??? ??? ????????? ???????????, ????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??? ?) ??????? ???????????? (Kazdin & Petti, 1982). ? ?????????? ??? ???? ???????? ?????????? ????? 0-2, ???? ?? 0 ??????? ?????????? ???????????, ?? 1 ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ??? ?? 2??????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? (Kovacs, 1992). ???? ??? ??? ??????? CDI, ??????????, ???? ?????????????? ??????????? ? Kovacs (1992),5 ??????????? ??? ??? ??????????? ??? 27 ?????????. ????? ?? 5 ??????????????????????? ?? 5 ?????????? ???????????, ???????? ????????????? ??? ?????? ????????????? ??? ???????????? ???? ????? ??? ?? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????: ?)???? ????? ?????????? ??? ???????? CDI ?????? ? ?????????????????????? ???????, ?? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ???????,????????????, ?????????????, ????????, ???????? ?? ??????? ?????????????????????, ?) ??? ??????? ?????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ??????????, ?? ?????????? ???? ???? ???????????,????????, ????????, ???????? ????????? ??????????, ?) ??? ????? ???????????????? ? ????????????????????, ???????????? ???? ????-?????????, ?????? ???????? ????????, ???????? ??? ??????????????, ?) ???? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????, ?? ?????????? ???? ????????, ????????? ?????, ??????,?????? ?????? ??? ??????, ????????? ??????????, ??????? ????????, ????????????, ?????? ??? ?? ??????? ??? ?) ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????????, ?? ?????????????? ????????????, ????? ??? ??? ?????, ???????? ?????? ??? ???????, ?????????? ??? ???????? ????? ??? ??? ????????? ??? ???????? (Kovacs, 1992).

6. ?????????? ??? ???????? CDI. ???????? ??? ?????????? ???? ?????????????????????, ?????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ??? ????????? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ???? ??? ?? ???? ???????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??? ????? ????????????(???????????????, 1993). ???? ??????? ???????, ? ??????????? ??? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????? ?? ????????????? ?? ???? ?? ???? ???? ???????????????? ???????? ??? ????????? ?????? ???? ??? ?? ?? ???? ???? ?? ?????????????????? ?????? ??? ?? ?????????? ???????????? (Kovacs, 1992). ? ?????????? ??? ???????? CDI ???? ???????? ??? ???????? ?????????, ???????????? ?? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????????? ???? ??????? CDI ?????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ???? ??? ?????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? (Kovacs, 1992).