26. Relationship with Europe for Russia, China, and Japan Empires (look at trade, view of foreigners)The Japanese first came in contact with Europeans in 1543 when the portuguese came to Japan. This originally was trade of porcelain. The portuguese brought their missionaires in hope of converting the Japanese. The commoners were fascinated by this new religion finding it “deeply meaningful”. The elites had opposite thoughts, they thought that this new religion was disruptive. But by 1580 many people converted to christinaity, one missionary even got a port city in Nagasaki. The Edo Shogunate found the missionaries suspicious and so in 1614 signed a decree that banned christinaity. From 1633-1639 new decrees were signed to limit trade from European ships to Japan. The Russians were at first wary towards the Europeans but allowed trade. From 1697-1698 Peter the Great went on a secret trip to Europe to see it and get a grasp of what Europe is actually like. By the time he came back to Russian he found out that the Europeans were very successful and so he decided to start trade with Europeans in hope for guns to help him expand his empire. After that Peter tried everything to conform to western beliefs, he moved the capital from Moscow to St.Petersburg on the Baltic Sea hoping to create the window to the west. The built buildings that were very sophisticated, so they appealed to visitors.After Peter the Great, Catherine the Great just like Peter was on a mission to westernize Russia. The Chinese came in contact with the portuguese in 1513 but were expelled from trade wiht China in 1522. Both the portuguese and Spanish traded to and from Macao and Manila respectively. The Dutch also traded but with taiwan, this didn’t last very long as in 1662 Taiwan became a part of China, stopping all trade. The Dutch East Company was well liked by the chinese, since they acknoledged the superiority of the emperor by performing kowtow. Portuguese and spanish missionaries in China were able to easily convert the elites(contrary to the Japanese where it was the opposite). Matteo Ricci learned chinese and read confucian novels, in an attempt to convert more people. He incorporated confucian elements in catholicism. Ricci was able to introduce European technology to the Chinese. Emperor Kangxi of the Qing dynasty encouraged foreign trade and let the Jesuits help him make european style maps, write books about medicine, and gave them important places in the government.