It is a document which establishes the doctrine of limited government and promotes democratic rule. Indian constitution drafted and enacted after a period of struggle and deliberation is among the longest in the world. Though most of it is taken from the Government of India Act 1935, the Indian framers gave it a twist so as to be an instrument of socio-economic justice without compromising the aspect of security, good governance and other aspects.
The following are the basic features of Indian Constitution. 1. One of the longest documents in the world. Originally it contained 395 Articles and 8 schedules. Now, it contains 444 Articles and 12 schedules. 2. Indian Constitution is a written Constitution like American, Canadian and French Constitution.
3. India has a federal system with unitary bias. The desire and commitment to preserve the unity without compromising the issue of development of different regions, made this choice inevitable.
4. Independent and impartial judiciary is hallmark of Indian Constitution. 5.
Novel features like fundamental rights, fundamental duties and directive principles of state policy in a single document. 6. Parliamentary system of government.
7. Compromise between Parliamentary supremacy and Judicial Review. 8. A democratic Republic, head of the state is elected indirectly. He/she is not hereditary.
9. A mix of rigid and flexible elements the constitution amendment procedure as moderate enough to address the needs of change. But, is also strict in the sense that crucial provisions need special majority 10. Citizenship is single; everybody fulfilling certain qualification is entitled for citizenship of the country, not of a particular state.